Unesco-Welterbe Zollverein, Essen, © Jochen Tack

Guided tours and routes

Wheth­er if it's in the Lower Rhine re­gion, the Ruhr Area, Sie­gen-Wit­tgen­stein or Düs­sel­dorf - you can dis­cov­er Bauhaus with guided tours and routes in North Rhine-West­phalia.
To mark the Bauhaus cen­ten­ary, a large num­ber of guided tours and round trips are be­ing offered in North Rhine-West­phalia. Fre­quently, a guide takes groups to rel­ev­ant loc­a­tions and build­ings or through ex­hib­i­tions. However, some routes can also be ex­per­i­enced in­de­pend­ently.

Mies van der Rohe, Straßenansicht Verseidag, Krefeld, © Mies van der Rohe Business Park 2018

Lower Rhine


Mies van der Rohe Busi­ness Park
The HE build­ing, a build­ing for menswear lin­ings, of the former Ver­seidag com­pany in Krefeld, was built ac­cord­ing to plans by Lud­wig Mies van der Rohe as his sole in­dus­tri­al build­ing after 1931. In May and June 2019, a ?Mies im West­en? (Mies in the West?) ex­hib­i­tion will be shown here, in which the build­ing can be vis­ited.

Haus Lange and Haus Es­ters
In Krefeld, vis­it­ors can par­ti­cip­ate in group guided tours and find out more about the ar­chi­tec­ture of the Lange and Es­ters villa en­semble by Lud­wig Mies van der Rohe, which is one of the ar­chi­tec­tur­al high­lights of the ?new build­ing? in Ger­many. The tour passes through the ori­gin­al kit­chen in­to the gar­dens.

Map­ping Bauhaus: a di­git­al ar­chi­tec­ture guide
A di­git­al ar­chi­tec­ture guide tells the story of the mod­ern era in Krefeld. This on­line guide will il­lus­trate the ar­chi­tec­tur­al, so­cial and in­dus­tri­al his­tory of the former silk town of Krefeld with ref­er­ence to not­able or typ­ic­al build­ings. A large amount of back­ground in­form­a­tion, maps and im­ages will be avail­able on­line. The tour stops along the way at Lud­wig Mies van der Rohe?s fact­ory own­er vil­las, Haus Lange and Haus Es­ters, his dye­ing fact­ory and ?HE build­ing? owned by the form Ver­seidag com­pany, as well as Krefeld city hall. The south­ern wing was de­signed by Hans Vol­ger, head of mu­ni­cip­al plan­ning, and a former stu­dent of the Bauhaus.

In a tra­di­tion­al train to the av­ant­garde
The rolling sym­bol of Krefeld, the ?Schluff? steam train, con­nects the tra­di­tion­al and mod­ern along its route. The track runs from the his­tor­ic Nord­bahnhof sta­tion past the Mies van der Rohe Busi­ness Park to the ?am Hülser Berg? loc­al green space, which not only has un­spoilt nature, the Wood Art Gal­lery, the wild an­im­al en­clos­ure and the Hülser view­ing tower to of­fer, but also has ex­cit­ing ar­chi­tec­ture, such as the Haus Heusgen.

To mark the 100-year Bauhaus an­niversary, a car­riage in the tra­di­tion­al train has been re­served for ar­chi­tec­ture en­thu­si­asts every 3rd Sunday from May to Septem­ber. There is also a spe­cial­ist guided tour through the Ver­seidag ?HE build­ing?, the only in­dus­tri­al build­ing in Europe de­signed by Mies van der Rohe, and what is now the Mies van der Rohe Busi­ness Park.

Bauhaus and In­dustry: guided tours in the pa­vil­ion by Thomas Schütte
Private in­di­vidu­als, com­pan­ies and train­ing fa­cil­it­ies from the in­dustry still em­ployed Bauhaus artists after it was closed in 1933, who were of­fi­cially de­nounced by the Nazi re­gime as ?de­gen­er­ate?. This net­work of artists, in­dus­tri­al­ists, as­so­ci­ations and cul­tur­al and train­ing in­sti­tu­tions with­stood the Nazi dic­tat­or­ship and the Second World War and las­ted un­til the 1960s. For the first time, ?Bauhaus and In­dustry? in Krefeld pays trib­ute to this hitherto un­known chapter in the his­tory of art and in­dustry, with an ex­hib­i­tion and doc­u­ment­ary films based on new re­search find­ings. The ex­hib­i­tion can be seen in the walk-in sculp­ture ?Pa­vil­lon? by the artist Thomas Schütte. There are guided tours every Fri­day and Sat­urday at 5pm, every Sunday at 3pm and by ar­range­ment, from April to Oc­to­ber.


Villa V
The Villa V is one of the first build­ings of the ?Neues Bauen? (?new build­ing?) move­ment and was built in 1931/32 by the ar­chi­tect Bernhard Pfau for the en­tre­pren­eur­i­al Kais­er (?Kais­er?s Kaf­fee? cof­fee) fam­ily. As well as group guided tours every Wed­nes­day, it is also pos­sible to stay overnight here.

Hohenhof, Hagen, © Tobias Roch

Ruhr Area


Zollver­ein ar­chi­tec­ture past and present
The Zollver­ein Un­esco World Her­it­age Site, built by ar­chi­tects Fritz Schupp and Mar­tin Krem­mer, is an out­stand­ing ex­ample of the use of a Bauhaus design concept in an over­all in­dus­tri­al con­text. This new ob­ject­ive ar­chi­tec­ture, which was in­flu­enced by Bauhaus, is presen­ted in the con­text of the ar­chi­tec­ture of the mod­ern era on this guided tour.

New ob­jectiv­ity, Bauhaus and the Zollver­ein ar­chi­tec­ture
The new ob­ject­ive ar­chi­tec­ture of the cent­ral shaft sys­tems of Zollver­ein XII, which was in­flu­enced by Bauhaus ideas, not only won the Zeche Zollver­ein col­li­ery the repu­ta­tion as be­ing the ?most beau­ti­ful col­li­ery in the world?, but was also the basis, in 2001, for the de­cision by Un­esco to in­clude the Zollver­ein col­li­ery and smelt­ing works in the list of world her­it­age sites as the ?Zeche Zollver­ein in­dus­tri­al com­plex?. The spe­cial guided tour sets the new ob­ject­ive Zollver­ein ar­chi­tec­ture in the con­text of the ar­chi­tec­ture of the mod­ern era, while also fo­cus­sing on the in­flu­ence of the Bauhaus on the build­ing com­plexes of the Schachtan­lage XII shaft sys­tem.

Folk­wang idea and Bauhaus100 
While the Folk­wang idea ori­gin­ated in Ha­gen, with the death of the col­lect­or Karl Ernst Osthaus and the re­lo­ca­tion of his col­lec­tion to Es­sen, it be­came the ?Folk­wang city?. Build­ings still stand in testi­mony to the Folk­wang idea today, and show per­son­al in­ter­con­nec­tions between Folk­wang and the Bauhaus. Im­port­ant names are: Otto Bart­ning, Hannes Mey­er, Josef Al­bers and Os­kar Sch­lem­mer.

Es­sen erbau­lich
Well-known ar­chi­tects such as Georg Met­zen­dorf, Ed­mund Körner, Fritz Schupp, Mar­tin Krem­mer and Otto Bart­ning left a large num­ber of im­press­ive ar­chi­tec­tur­al monu­ments in Es­sen. The ar­chi­tec­tur­al high­lights passed dur­ing the bus tour in­clude the Zeche Zollver­ein Un­esco World Her­it­age Site by ar­chi­tects Schupp and Krem­mer, and the re­sur­rec­tion church de­signed as a round struc­ture by Otto Bart­ning.

Mod­ern-era ar­chi­tec­ture in Es­sen 
Wheth­er as a di­git­al guide or a guided tour, on the ?Ar­chitek­tur­route der Mo­d­erne? (?Ar­chi­tec­ture route of the mod­ern era?), vis­it­ors can dis­cov­er former and still ex­ist­ent build­ings from the 1920s and 1930s and ob­tain back­ground in­form­a­tion on the loc­a­tions and im­port­ant in­di­vidu­als. The fo­cus is on the con­nec­tion with the Folk­wang idea and the Werkbund and Bauhaus con­cepts.

Werkbund, Bauhaus, new ob­jectiv­ity!? ? Ar­chi­tec­ture of the mod­ern era in Es­sen 
The fo­cus of the guided tour is on the ?new ob­jectiv­ity? style and on ar­chi­tects who have a bio­graph­ic­al or artist­ic con­nec­tion to the Bauhaus, the Werkbund and Folk­wang. Rel­ev­ant build­ings such as the Zeche Zollver­ein Un­esco World Her­it­age Site and im­port­ant loc­a­tions such as the former site of the Villa Hen­ke by Lud­wig Mies van der Rohe are in­cluded on the tour.

Mar­gareth­en­höhe colony in Es­sen
In 1906, work began on the con­struc­tion of the Mar­gareth­en­höhe colony in the south of Es­sen, foun­ded by Mar­garethe Krupp. The aim was to cre­ate low-cost hous­ing for em­ploy­ees and staff of the Krupp Group. It was de­signed by the ar­chi­tect Georg Met­zen­dorf. Vis­it­ors can book vari­ous tours through the colony, in­to a sample apart­ment and the ?Small stu­dio build­ing?.


Bauhaus vorden­ken: the his­tory of the Osthaus Mu­seum
The Mu­seum Folk­wang, which was foun­ded in Ha­gen by Karl Ernst Osthaus in 1902, quickly be­came fam­ous as the first mu­seum world­wide for con­tem­por­ary and mod­ern art. In the in­teri­or rooms de­signed in the art nou­veau style by Henry van de Velde, works of art from dif­fer­ent eras and cul­tur­al circles were or­gan­ic­ally presen­ted to­geth­er. Osthaus not only pur­sued the goal of mer­ging art with life with this un­usu­al ex­hib­i­tion concept. The Osthaus Mu­seum col­lec­tions of­fer an in­sight in­to dif­fer­ent as­pects of the mu­seum?s his­tory.

Bauhaus vorden­ken: Ho­hen­hof and Stirn­band 
the pat­ron of the arts and cul­tur­al re­former Karl Ernst Osthaus had in­aug­ur­ated his private Mu­seum Folk­wang in Ha­gen, he foun­ded the Ho­hen­ha­gen artists colony in 1906. Osthaus ar­ranged for the house in which he lived, the Ho­hen­hof, to be built by the Bel­gian artist and ar­chi­tect Henry van de Velde, who also de­signed the in­teri­or. On the ?Am Stirn­band? road, the Dutch ar­chi­tect J.L.M. Lauweriks built nine houses based on a sys­tem prin­ciple that he him­self had de­veloped. A pub­lic guided tour leads to the former build­ing where Osthaus lived and to the houses on the Stirn­band.

A mod­el stand­ard for work­er colon­ies: the Riemer­schmid House
In around 1907, the Ha­gen tex­tile work­ers would see their dreams come true in the form of a sep­ar­ate, small house with a ve­get­able garden. In 1905, Karl Ernst Osthaus brought the par­ti­cipants of a con­fer­ence on ?work­er wel­fare fa­cil­it­ies? to Ha­gen and as a res­ult was able to pro­cure a build­ing or­der for the artist and ar­chi­tect Richard Riemer­schmid. From 1907, he began build­ing the ?Wald­dorf colony?, with el­ev­en houses. Dur­ing the pub­lic guided tour through house no. 17, vis­it­ors gain an in­sight in­to the lives of the work­ers dur­ing this time.

Gropi­us? ar­chi­tec­tur­al mod­el: the pray­er house by Eduard Müller
The first crem­at­ori­um fa­cil­ity in Prus­sia was built in Ha­gen, by Peter Behrens, who later be­came world-fam­ous as the AEG de­sign­er, who was a train­er, pi­on­eer and mod­el for many par­ti­cipants in the Bauhaus move­ment. Dur­ing the guided tours on Wed­nes­day, there is a cir­cu­lar walk, after the vis­it to the pray­er house, to the graves of well-known fig­ures, such as the politi­cian Eu­gen Richter.

Ob­jec­ti­fic­a­tion in cemetery cul­ture - the Buschey cemetery
From his­tor­icism to art nou­veau to the mod­ern era - each peri­od has left its traces in the cemetery, which was of­fi­cially opened in 1810. Some graves are even of great artist­ic value, such as those de­signed by Georges Minnes and J.L.M. Lauweriks.

Landhaus Ilse, Burbach, © Gemeinde Burbach



Land­haus Ilse ? a Bauhaus jew­el in the coun­try
Land­haus Ilse was de­signed and built in 1924 as a gues­t­house by WAG West­er­wald-Brüche AG by dir­ect­or and en­gin­eer Willi Grob­leben. It is named after Grob­leben?s daugh­ter Ilse and had the same design as the ?Haus am Horn? Un­esco world her­it­age site in Wei­mar, which was built in 1923 dur­ing the first Bauhaus ex­hib­i­tion ac­cord­ing to a design by Georg Muche. The Land­haus Ilse is now owned by the Burbach mu­ni­cip­al­ity and is a lis­ted build­ing. Guided tours through the house are offered every last Monday of the month.

Neuer Stahlhof, Düsseldorf, © Düsseldorf Tourismus GmbH


From the mod­ern era to the fu­ture ? Ar­chi­tec­ture icons in Düs­sel­dorf 
The ar­chi­tec­ture walk­ing tour cov­ers works by fam­ous mas­ter build­ers such as Karl Friedrich Schinkel, Helmut Hentrich and Daniel Libe­s­kind, who have made a de­cis­ive im­pact on the ar­chi­tec­tur­al ap­pear­ance of Düs­sel­dorf. Stops along the way in­clude the Neue Stahl­hof from the 1920s, the Kö-Bo­gen arch and the K20 Kun­st­sammlung NRW art mu­seum, which has been de­signed like a con­cert grand pi­ano. Dur­ing the tour, the guides point out unique mo­tifs that are of par­tic­u­lar in­terest for In­s­tagram­mers.

North Rhine-West­phalia cel­eb­rates the Bauhaus cen­ten­ary

Museum Haus Esters, Krefeld, Gartenseite, © Volker Döhne, Kunstmuseen Krefeld

Krefeld per­spect­ives

Hohenhof in Hagen, © Simon Erath

Ha­gen im­pulse

Peter-Behrens-Bau, Oberhausen, © LVR-Industriemuseum, Andreas Schiblon

Over­view of ex­hib­i­tions

Unesco-Welterbe Zeche Zollverein, Essen, © Simon Erath

'Essen­er Auf­bruch'