The Margarethenhöhe settlement
The Margarethenhöhe settlement was created in 1906. It was built by the city and the Friedrich Krupp family and company. It was designed by the architect Georg Metzendorf. As well as the design for the houses and interior furnishings, he also had monuments and works of art erected in the settlement. The architectural gem attracted artists and artistic craftsmen and -women who set up their studios there. Today, a sample apartment shows Georg Metzendorf’s living culture standards, and can be viewed during a guided tour.
Zollverein UNESCO World Heritage Site
In 1932, architects Fritz Schupp and Martin Kremmer set new architectural standards with the central shaft system, the Zollverein XII. The steel frame buildings, built in the “new objectivity” style, are an outstanding example of the use of the Bauhaus architecture in an industrial context, and were built entirely according to the Bauhaus principle “form follows function”. This functional principle connects the Zollverein with the pioneering visions of the Bauhaus period.
The Church of the Resurrection in Essen is regarded as a model for modern church architecture. It was built in 1929/30 according to a design by Otto Bartning. Using steel, concrete and bricks, Bartning paid homage both to the modern era and to the Ruhr area.